|EQ Black History
Together, We Can Mend The Broken...
Howard University students photographed in their dorm by LIFE magazine’
s Alfred Eisenstaedt for a November 1946 photo essay.
Alpha Kappa Alpha at Howard University, Washington, D.C. 1946
Spelman College 1892
Beta Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha, Howard University, 1913.
Arturo Alfonso (January 24, 1874 –June 8, 1938) Schomburg was born in
Puerto Rico on January 24, 1874.
He began his education in a primary school in San Juan, where he studied
reading, penmanship, sacred history, church history, arithmetic, Spanish
grammar, history, agriculture and commerce. Arturo’s fifth-grade teacher is
said to have told him that “Black people have no history, no heroes, no great
moments.” Because of this and his participation in a history club, Schomburg
developed a thirst for knowledge about people of African descent and began
his lifelong quest studying the history and collecting the books and artifacts
that made up the core of his unique and extensive library.
Willa Brown Chappell was a pioneering aviator who co-founded the
National Airmen’s Association of America, an organization whose
mission was to get African Americans into the United States Air Force.
Inspired by Bessie Coleman, Chappell (then known as Willa
Beatrice Brown) started taking flying lessons in 1934 at Chicago’s
She earned her pilot’s license in 1937, making herthe first African-
American woman to be licensed to fly in the United States. In 1940,
she and her first husband, Lieutenant Cornelius R. Coffey started
the Coffey School of Aeronautics, where some of the approximately
200 pilots who trained there eventually became “Tuskegee Airmen.”
Born in Glasgow, Kentucky on January 22, 1906, she died on
July 18, 1992 at the age of 86.
We all know about the famous Tuskegee Airmen, but have
you ever thought about women being pilots in those times
as well? Start thinking and do your research on these
extraordinary women. Today we honor the often
overlooked Tuskegee Airwomen.
|Lena Horne with cadets at the Tuskegee Airbase in
Tuskegee,Alabama in 1945.
Anderson, Charles A. "Chief" (1907-1996)
Eleanor Roosevelt and Charles Anderson, April 1941
On April 19, 1941, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt visited
Tuskegee Institute. During her visit she asked Chief Anderson
if African Americans could really navigate the skies.
Anderson invited her to fly with him. Mrs. Roosevelt agreed and
was flown over Tuskegee. This short but significant flight is
credited with helping to persuade President Franklin Roosevelt
to establish military flight training at Tuskegee later that year.
Archer, Lee (1919-2010)
Lee Andrew Archer Jr., Tuskegee Airman Ace in World War II,
was born on September 6, 1919 in Yonkers, New York. His father
was Lee Archer, Sr. and his mother was May Piper Archer.
He was raised in Harlem and attended New York City’s Dewitt
Clinton High School. In 1941, he left New York University where
he was majoring in international relations to join the military.
In 1941, Archer joined the Army and applied to become a pilot
in the Army Air Corps but was rejected because the Corps
did not allow blacks to become pilots during this time.
The Tuskegee Airmen were dedicated, determined young men who
enlisted to become America's first black military airmen, at a time when
there were many people who thought that black men lacked intelligence,
skill, courage and patriotism.
They came from every section of the country, with large numbers coming
from New York City, Washington, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia and
Detroit. Each one possessed a strong personal desire to serve the United
States of America at the best of his ability.
Members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion take part
in a parade ceremony in honor of Joan d’Arc at the
marketplace where she was burned at the stake (Rouen, France).
Monument to the African Renaissance. Dakar, Senegal